The word “fibromyalgia” means pain (algos) from the muscles (myo) and fibrous tissues (fibro). It is therefore a disease that affects the musculoskeletal system.
What are the main symptoms?
- Chronic pain
- Increased muscle tension
- Stiffness in numerous locations of the musculoskeletal system
In addition to these, some patients present with a number of other symptoms, including:
- Asthenia (chronic fatigue and debilitating fatigue)
- Sleep disturbances, stress, anxiety and depression
- Irritable bowel syndrome
The coexistence of all these symptoms helps to determine the most likely diagnosis, but in reality not all patients experience the entire set of symptoms associated with fibromyalgia.
What are the causes?
The exact cause of fibromyalgia is not known, but scholars believe several factors may be involved. Its pathogenesis is a much discussed topic and there are no definitive data on how this pathology arises.
Many researchers argue that pain is amplified in fibromyalgia, affecting the way the brain processes pain signals.
Symptoms may sometimes begin after physical trauma, surgery, infections, or particularly significant psychological stress. In other cases, the symptoms of fibromyalgia build up over time, with no single obvious triggering event.
How is it treated?
The diagnosis and clinical features of fibromyalgia are part of constantly evolving studies. To date, there is no definitive cure but several treatment options are available that allow you to control and relieve symptoms:
- Medications (antidepressants and pain relievers)
- Supplements of vitamins, antioxidants, minerals (Mg, Zn, Se), essential amino acids (MYTHOXAN FORTE), intestinal pre and probiotics …
- Ozone therapy, exercise and relaxation techniques
- Healthy diet without excesses of inflammatory foods
Is it a serious condition?
Fibromyalgia can be associated with other pathological conditions, but unlike these it does not cause damage to internal tissues and organs. It may happen that the symptoms resolve after a few months but, in many cases, the disease tends to worsen and a strategy must be studied to keep it under control. In the case of fibromyalgia there is no mention of possible degeneration over time, nor of impaired life span.