Collagen and Elastin: the proteins of youth.

Collagen and Elastin: the proteins of youth.

Collagen is a structural protein structured by particular cells called fibroblasts with structural and support functions for the organs and tissues of our body. Collagen is present in all connective tissues, bones, cartilages, ligaments, tendons and hair and represents 90% of the skin’s proteins.

On a structural level, collagen is formed by a triple helix of proteins twisted on each other that intertwine with elastin to form a network with considerable resistance capable of both elongating and contracting.

The stability of collagen is linked to the molecular connections between the amino acids of which it is composed. For this reason, the lack of essential amino acids can lead to a structural weakening of collagen.

When we smile or make facial expressions, the skin undergoes stress but here elastin comes into play with its ability to restore it to normal conditions.

From 25-30 years of age, the production of collagen and elastin increases and the skin gradually loses its tone and elasticity.

How can we slow down the aging process of the skin? To have a basically young and toned skin, it is very important to avoid excessive exposure to the sun, say goodbye to smoking and avoid polluted environments. Above all it is important to take care of your diet, choose natural foods and food supplements suitable for your health. Essential amino acids and bioflavonoids are certainly among the skin’s best allies: the former are the building blocks for the synthesis of all proteins, the latter counteract cellular aging by reducing inflammation and excess oxygen free radicals (ROS) .